Ganesh

Ganeshji

Shree Ganesh –  Titwala Mahaganpati Mandir

 

Ganesha is one of the famous and greatly worshiped deities in Hinduism. The main identity of Ganesha is his elephant like head. It is known that Ganesha is the eldest son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati.

Ganesha or Ganapati is the leader of the Shivaganas (the forces of Shiva). He is the first among the gods to receive all the honors. He is called Vighnaraja, or Vighneswara, lord of the obstacles and impediments. Devout Hindus worship him for removal of obstacles. Before starting any particular venture or worshiping other gods, they remember Ganesha, their beloved god. The only exception to this rule is when Shiva is worshiped. When you worship the father there is no need to worship the son separately because the son is always found in the heart of his father. So when Shiva is worshiped Ganesha is kept in the sidelines.

He is known by many names. The most popular ones include: Ganapathi (Lord of the ganas), Vighneswara (lord of the obstacles), Lambodara (potbellied), Vakrathunda (with a curved trunk), Mahaganapathi (great Ganapathi), Parvathinandana (son of Parvathi), Mushikavahana (rider of a mouse), Ekadantaya (one with one tusk), Dvaimātura (one who has two mothers, Kumaraguru (child guru), Siddhivinayaka (boon giver), , Heramba, Lambodara (one who has a pot belly, or, literally, one who has a hanging belly), and Gajanana ; having the face of an elephant and Balaganapathi (child Ganapathi). There are many other names and forms.

The Hindu title of respect Shri is often added before his name. One popular way Ganesha is worshiped is by chanting a Ganesha Sahasranama, a litany of “a thousand names of Ganesha”. Each name in the Sahasranama conveys a different meaning and symbolises a different aspect of Ganesha. At least two different versions of the Ganesha Sahasranama exist; one version is drawn from the Ganesha Purana, a Hindu scripture venerating Ganesha.

A prominent name for Ganesha in the Tamil language is Pillai. In the Burmese language, Ganesha is known as Maha Peinne, derived from Pali Mahā Wināyaka. The widespread name of Ganesha in Thailand is Phra Phikhanet or Phra Phikhanesuan, both of which are derived from Vara Vighnesha and Vara Vighneshvara respectively, whereas the name Khanet (from Ganesha) is rather rare.

In Sri Lanka, in the North-Central and North Western areas with predominantly Buddhist population, Ganesha is known as Aiyanayaka Deviyo, while in other Singhala Buddhist areas he is known as Gana deviyo.

SYMBOLISM OF LORD GANESHA

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Ganesha represents all that is grotesque and unusual in the world around a center of purity and divinity and in that synthesis of odds, he symbolizes the unity between the the usual and the unusual, the normal and the abnormal and the beautiful and the ugly aspects of earthly life. He reminds us of the simple truth that everything in the company of God becomes divine. His form dispels many illusions that we entertain in our minds about forms and appearances and the notion that beauty and intelligence go together, where as in truth we rarely see these two in equal proportions.

Lord Ganesha is described as the creator of obstacles. But this is only symbolic. In reality Ganesha is a facilitator who helps us in our good actions by obstructing us in our wrong doings. He becomes an obstacle when we indulge in actions that are not in harmony with our divine nature or detrimental to our spiritual progress. As human beings, we have limited awareness and we may not always take the right decision.

When we surrender to Ganesha and worship Him he helps us in our good actions and prevents us from pursuing wrong aims by creating obstacles on our paths. We are therefore expected to surrender to Ganesha and seek his divine guidance. The food that he devours is not just food. It is symbolic of our insatiable desires, our fears and our devotion. By devouring our desires our love and our fears he develops in us the qualities of detachment and devotion.

The mouse which he uses as his vehicle is not a mere mouse but a symbol of our fears and nervousness and our humility and self surrender. To perform any action successfully, we need faith and belief in God. Lord Vinayaka drives away our fears, when he descends into our consciousness and rides our minds. He instills in us the courage to face life and become divine. His large elephant head is indicative of his abnormally high intelligence and his enormous mental powers. Ganesha is an epitome of knowledge, well versed in the Vedas and other scriptures. He put the Mahabharata into writing. His broken tusk gives us the hope that we too can transform our aggressive tendencies and sublimate them into peace and intelligence.

DIFFERENT FORMS OF LORD GANESHA

Ganapathi is worshiped in various forms. There are a number of temples built all over India for him, where appears in his different aspects. His form depends upon who built the temple and for what end. Some of his most popular forms and their respective names are listed below.

  • Balaganapati: Ganapathi as a child
  • Tarunaganapathi: Ganapathi as a youth.
  • Herambhaganapathi: Genesha with five heads and ten hands and a third eye.
  • Viravighnesa: Ganapathi in his ferocious form
  • Saktiganapathi: Ganapathi in the company of his Shaktis, either Lakshmi and Sarasvathi or his wives Siddhi and Riddhi.
  • Achintyaganapathi: Ganapathi in a dreadful aspect worshipped by the secret cults of Tantricism in a negative way.
  • Nrittganapathi: Ganapathi in a dancing mode.
  • Varasiddhi Vinayaka: Ganapathi as the giver of boons. This is the form in which he is normally worshipped on the occasion of Ganesh Chathurthi.

 

Though Ganesha is popularly held to be the son of Shiva and Parvati, the Puranic myths give different versions about his birth. In some he was created by Parvati, in another he was created by Shiva and Parvati, The family includes his brother the war god Kartikeya, who is also called Skanda and Murugan. Regional differences dictate the order of their births. In northern India, Skanda is generally said to be the elder, while in the south, Ganesha is considered the first born. In northern India, Skanda was an important martial deity from about 500 BCE to about 600 CE, after which worship of him declined significantly. As Skanda fell, Ganesha rose. Several stories tell of sibling rivalry between the brothers and may reflect sectarian tensions.

Ganesha’s marital status, the subject of considerable scholarly review, varies widely in mythological stories. One pattern of myths identifies Ganesha as an unmarried brahmachari. This view is common in southern India and parts of northern India. Another pattern associates him with the concepts of Buddhi (intellect), Siddhi (spiritual power), and Riddhi (prosperity); these qualities are sometimes personified as goddesses, said to be Ganesha’s wives. He also may be shown with a single consort or a nameless servant (Sanskrit: daşi). Another pattern connects Ganesha with the goddess of culture and the arts, Sarasvati or Sharda (particularly in Maharashtra). He is also associated with the goddess of luck and prosperity, Lakshmi. Another pattern, mainly prevalent in the Bengal region, links Ganesha with the banana tree, Kala Bo.

The Shiva Purana says that Ganesha had begotten two sons: Kşema (prosperity) and Labha (profit). In northern Indian variants of this story, the sons are often said to be Shubha (auspiciouness) and Labha.

Significance of 12 names of Ganesha

12 names of Lord Ganesha are used as a powerful and easy prayer to seek the grace of Lord Ganesha. You can chant these names as a part of daily prayer. Chanting these names during Vinayaki and Sankashti Chaturthi puja is considered highly auspicious.

Vakratund, Ekdant, Krishna Pingaksh, Gajvakra, Lambodar, Chata Vikat, Vighna Rajendra, Dhumravarna, Bhalchandra, Vinayak, Ganpati 

प्रथमं वक्रतुण्ड च एकदन्तं द्वितीयकम्, तृतीयं कृष्णपिड्गाक्षं गजवक्त्रं चतुर्थकम्।।
लम्बोदरं पंचमं च षष्ठं विकटमेव च, सप्तमं विघ्नराजेन्द्रं धूम्रवर्ण तथाष्टमम्।।
नवमं भालचन्द्रं च दशमं तु विनायकम्, एकादशं गणपतिं द्वादर्श तु गजाननम्।।
द्वादशैतानि नामानि त्रिसंध्यं यः पठेन्नरः, न च विध्नभयं तस्य सर्वसिद्धिकरं परम्।।

Significance of 12 names of  Ganesha

Removes all obstacles from your path of success.
Helps to attain health, wealth, success and prosperity
Lord Ganesha is the Lord of wisdom. So these powerful 12 names of Lord Ganesha enable quality education and fruitful learning.
Students must chant these names to get better results in academic growth.
Chanting these names bring happiness and peace among family members.
You should recite these names while entering a newly constructed house and make an auspicious beginning.
These names are also considered fruitful while going for a battle, exam or in the presence of any problem.

Shree Suktam, Mahalakshmi Stotram – Sanskrit 

॥वैभव प्रदाता श्री सूक्त॥

Harih Om Hirannya-Varnnaam Harinniim Suvarnna-Rajata-Srajaam ।
Candraam Hirannmayiim Lakssmiim Jatavedo Ma Aavaha ॥1॥
Taam Ma Aavaha Jatavedo Lakssmiim-Anapagaaminiim ।
Yasyaam Hirannyam Vindeyam Gaam-Ashvam Purussaan-Aham ॥2॥
Ashva-Puurvaam Ratha-Madhyaam Hastinaada-Prabodhiniim ।
Shriyam Deviim-Upahvaye Shriirmaa Devii Jussataam ॥3॥
Kaam So-Smitaam Hirannya-Praakaaraam-Aardraam Jvalantiim Trptaam Tarpayantiim ।
Padme Sthitaam Padma-Varnnaam Taam-Iha-Upahvaye Shriyam ॥4॥
Prabhaasam Yashasaa Loke Deva-Jussttaam-Udaaraam ।
Padminiim-Iim Sharannam-Aham Prapadye-Alakssmiir-Me Nashyataam Tvaam Vrnne ॥5॥
Aaditya-Varnne Tapasoa-Adhi-Jaato Vanaspatis-Tava Vrkssah-Atha Bilvah ।
Tasya Phalani Tapasaa-Nudantu Maaya-Antaraayaashca Baahyaa Alakssmiih ॥6॥
Upaitu Maam Deva-Sakhah Kiirtish-Ca Manninaa Saha ।
Praadurbhuutah-Asmi Raassttre-([A] Kiirtim-Rddhim Dadaatu To Me ॥7॥
Kssut-Pipaasaa-Malaam Jyesstthaam-Alakssmiim Naashayaamy-Aham ।
Abhuutim-Asamrddhim Cha Sarvaam Nirnnuda Grhaat ॥8॥
Gandha-Dvaaraam Duraadharssam Nitya-Pussttaam Kariissinniim ।
Iishvariing Sarva-Bhuutaanaam Taam-Iha-Upahvaye Shriyam ॥9॥
Manasah Kaamam-Aakuutim Vaacah Satyam-Ashiimahi ।
Pashuunaam Rupam-Annasya Mayi Shriih Shrayataam Yashah ॥10॥
Kardamena Prajaa-Bhuutaa Sambhava Kardama ।
Shriyam Vaasaya Me Kule Maataram Padma-Maaliniim ॥11॥
Aapah Srjantu Snigdhaani Cikliita Vasa Grhe ।
Ni Ca Deviim Maataram Shriyam Vaasaya Kule ॥12॥
Aardraam Pusskarinniim Pussttim Pinggalaam Padma-Maaliniim ।
Candraam Hirannmayiim Lakssmiim Jatavedo Ma Aavaha ॥13॥
Aardraam Yah Karinniim Yassttim Suvarnnam Hema-Maaliniim ।
Suuryaam Hirannmayiim Lakssmiim Jatavedo Ma Aavaha ॥14॥
Taam Ma Aavaha Jatavedo Lakssmiim-Anapagaaminiim ।
Yasyaam Hirannyam Prabhuutam Gaavo Daasyah-Ashvaan Vindeyam Puurussaan-Aham ॥15॥
Yah Shucih Prayato Bhuutvaa Juhu-Yaad-Aajyam-Anvaham ।
Suuktam Pancadasharcam Ca Shriikaamah Satatam Japet ॥16॥
Padma-Aanane Padma Uuru Padma-Akssii Padmaa-Sambhave ।
Tvam Maam Bhajasva Padma-Akssii Yena Saukhyam Labhaami-Aham ॥17॥
Ashva-Daayi Go-Daayi Dhana-Daayi Mahaa-Dhane ।
Dhanam To Me Jussataam Devii Sarva-Kaamaamsh-Ca Dehi To Me ॥18॥
Putra-Pautra Dhanam Dhaanyam Hasti-Ashva-Aadi-Gave Ratham ।
Prajaanaam Bhavasi Maataa Aayussmantam Karotu Maam ॥19॥
Dhanam-Agnir-Dhanam Vaayur-Dhanam Suuryo Dhanam Vasuh ।
Dhanam-Indro Brhaspatir-Varunnam Dhanam-Ashnute ॥20॥
Vainateya Somam Piba Somam Pibatu Vrtrahaa ।
Somam Dhanasya Somino Mahyam Dadaatu ॥21॥
Na Krodho Na Cha Maatsarya Na Lobho Na-Ashubhaa Matih ।
Bhavanti Krtpunnyaanaam Bhaktaanaam Shriisuuktam Japet-Sadaa ॥22॥
Varssantu Te Vibhaavari Divo Abhrasya Vidyutah ।
Rohantu Sarva-Biija-Anyava Brahma Dvisso Jahi ॥23॥
Padma-Priye Padma Padma-Haste Padma-Aalaye Padma-Dalaayata-Akssi ।
Vishva-Priye Vissnnu Mano-Anukuule Tvat-Paada-Padmam Mayi Sannidhatsva ॥24॥
Yaa Saa Padma-Aasana-Sthaa Vipula-Kattitattii Padma-Patraayata-Akssii ।
Gambhiiraa Varta-Naabhih Stanabhara Namita Shubhra Vastra-Uttariiyaa ॥25॥
Lakssmiir-Divyair-Gajendrair-Manni-Ganna-Khacitais-Snaapitaa Hema-Kumbhaih ।
Nityam Saa Padma-Hastaa Mama Vasatu Grhe Sarva-Maanggalya-Yuktaa ॥26॥
Lakssmiim Kssiira-Samudra Raaja-Tanayaam Shriirangga-Dhaama-Iishvariim ।
Daasii-Bhuuta-Samasta Deva Vanitaam Loka-Eka Diipa-Amkuraam ॥27॥
Shriimat-Manda-Kattaakssa-Labdha Vibhava Brahmaa-Indra-Ganggaadharaam ।
Tvaam Trai-Lokya Kuttumbiniim Sarasijaam Vande Mukunda-Priyaam ॥28॥
Siddha-Lakssmiir-Mokssa-Lakssmiir-Jaya-Lakssmiis-Sarasvatii ।
Shrii-Lakssmiir-Vara-Lakssmiishca Prasannaa Mama Sarvadaa ॥29॥
Vara-Angkushau Paasham-Abhiiti-Mudraam Karair-Vahantiim Kamala-Aasana-Sthaam ।
Baala-Aarka Kotti Pratibhaam Tri-Netraam Bhaje-Aham-Aadyaam Jagat-Iisvariim Tvaam ॥30॥
Sarva-Manggala-Maanggalye Shive Sarvaartha Saadhike ।
Sharannye Try-Ambake Devi Naaraayanni Namostu Te ॥31॥
Sarasija-Nilaye Saroja-Haste Dhavalatara-Amshuka Gandha-Maalya-Shobhe ।
Bhagavati Hari-Vallabhe Manojnye Tri-Bhuvana-Bhuuti-Kari Prasiida Mahyam ॥32॥
Vissnnu-Patniim Kssamaam Deviim Maadhaviim Maadhava-Priyaam ।
Vissnnoh Priyasakhiim Deviim Namaamy-Acyuta-Vallabhaam ॥33॥
Mahaalakssmii Ca Vidmahe Vissnnu-Patniim Ca Dhiimahi ।
Tat-No Lakssmiih Pracodayaat ॥34॥
Shrii-Varcasyam-Aayussyam-Aarogyamaa-Vidhaat Pavamaanam Mahiyate ।
Dhanam Dhaanyam Pashum Bahu-Putra-Laabham Shatasamvatsaram Diirghamaayuh ॥35॥
Rnna-Roga-Aadi-Daaridrya-Paapa-Kssud-Apamrtyavah ।
Bhaya-Shoka-Manastaapaa Nashyantu Mama Sarvadaa ॥36॥
Ya Evam Veda Om Mahaadevyai Cha Vissnnu-Patniim Cha Dhiimahi ।
Tat-No Lakssmiih Pracodayaat Om Shaantih Shaantih Shaantih ॥37॥

Ganapati Atharvashirsha (Ganapati Upanishad) – In sanskrit

Om Bhadram Karnnebhih Shrnnuyaama Devaah |
Bhadram Pashyema-Akssabhir-Yajatraah |
Sthirair-Anggais-Tussttuvaamsas-Tanuubhih |
Vyashema Devahitam Yad-Aayuh |
Svasti Na Indro Vrddha-Shravaah |
Svasti Nah Puussaa Vishva-Vedaah |
Svasti Nas-Taarkssyo Arisstta-Nemih |
Svasti No Vrhaspatir-Dadhaatu ||
Om Shaantih Shaantih Shaantih ||
Tvam-Eva Pratyakssam Tattvam-Asi |
Tvam-Eva Kevalam Kartaa-[A]si |
Tvam-Eva Kevalam Dhartaa-[A]si |
Tvam-Eva Kevalam Hartaa-[A]si |
Tvam-Eva Sarvam Khalv[u]-Idam Brahma-Asi |
Tvam Saakssaad-Aatmaa-[A]si Nityam ||2||
Ava Tvam Maam |
Ava Vaktaaram |
Ava Shrotaaram |
Ava Daataaram |
Ava Dhaataaram |
Ava-Anuucaanam-Ava Shissyam ||3 ||
Ava Purastaat |
Ava Dakssinnaattaat |
Ava Pashcaattaat |
Avo[a-U]ttaraattaat |
Ava Co[a-U]rdhvaattaat |
Ava-Adharaattaat |
Sarvato Maam Paahi Paahi Samantaat ||4||
Tvam Vaangmayas-Tvam Cinmayah |
Tvam-Aanandamayas-Tvam Brahmamayah |
Tvam Saccidaanandaa-[A]dvitiiyo-[A]si |
Tvam Pratyakssam Brahma-Asi |
Tvam Jnyaanamayo Vijnyaanamayo-[A]si ||5||
Sarvam Jagad-Idam Tvatto Jaayate |
Sarvam Jagad-Idam Tvattas-Tisstthati |
Sarvam Jagad-Idam Tvayi Layamessyati |
Sarvam Jagad-Idam Tvayi Pratyeti ||6||
Tvam Bhuumir-Aapo-[A]nalo-[A]nilo Nabhah |
Tvam Catvaari Vaak {Parimitaa} Padaani |
Tvam Gunna-Traya-Atiitah |
Tvam Avasthaa-Traya-Atiitah |
Tvam Deha-Traya-Atiitah |
Tvam Kaala-Traya-Atiitah |
Tvam Muulaadhaara-Sthito-[A]si Nityam |
Tvam Shakti-Traya-[A]atmakah |
Tvaam Yogino Dhyaayanti Nityam |
Tvam Brahmaa Tvam Vissnnus-Tvam
Rudras-Tvam-Indras-Tvam-Agnis-Tvam
Vaayus-Tvam Suuryas-Tvam Candramaas-Tvam
Brahma Bhuur-Bhuvas-Suvar-Om ||6||
Ganna-[A]adim Puurvam-Uccaarya Varnna-[A]adiims-Tad-Anantaram |
Anusvaarah Paratarah |
Ardhendu-Lasitam |
Taarenna Rddham |
Etat-Tava Manu-Svaruupam ||7||
Ga-kaarah Puurva-Ruupam |
A-kaaro Madhya-Ruupam |
Anusvaarash-Ca-Antya-Ruupam |
Bindur-Uttara-Ruupam |
Naadas-Samdhaanam |
Samhitaa Samdhih ||8||
Sai[a-E]ssaa Gannesha-Vidyaa |
Gannaka Rssih |
Nicrdgaayatriic-Chandah |
Gannapatir-Devataa |
Om Gam Gannapataye Namah ||9||
Eka-Dantaaya Vidmahe Vakra-Tunnddaaya Dhiimahi |
Tan-No Dantih Pracodayaat ||10||
Eka-Dantam Catur-Hastam Paasham-Angkusha-Dhaarinnam |
Radam Ca Vara-Dam Hastair-Bibhraannam Muussaka-Dhvajam ||
Raktam Lambo[a-U]daram Shuurpa-Karnnakam Rakta-Vaasasam |
Rakta-Gandha-Anulipta-Anggam Rakta-Pusspais-Supuujitam ||
Bhakta-Anukampinam Devam Jagat-Kaarannam-Acyutam |
Aavirbhuutam Ca Srssttya[i-A]adau Prakrteh Purussaat-Param |
Evam Dhyaayati Yo Nityam Sa Yogii Yoginaam Varah ||11||
Namo Vraata-Pataye |
Namo Ganna-Pataye |
Namah Pramatha-Pataye |
Namas-Te-[A]stu Lambo[a-U]daraayai[a-E]ka-Dantaaya
Vighna-Naashine Shiva-Sutaaya Varada-Muurtaye Namah ||12||
Etad-Atharvashiirssam Yo-[A]dhiite Sa Brahma-Bhuuyaaya Kalpate |
Sa Sarva-Vighnair-Na Baadhyate |
Sa Sarvatra Sukham-Edhate |
Sa Pan.ca-Mahaa-Paapaat-Pramucyate |
Saayam-Adhiiyaano Divasa-Krtam Paapam Naashayati |
Praatar-Adhiiyaano Raatri-Krtam Paapam Naashayati |
Saayam Praatah Prayun.jaano Paapo-[A]paapo Bhavati |
Sarvatra-Adhiiyaano-[A]pavighno Bhavati |
Dharma-Artha-Kaama-Mokssam Ca Vindati ||13||
Idam-Atharvashiirssam-Ashissyaaya Na Deyam |
Yo Yadi Mohaad-Daasyati Sa Paapiiyaan Bhavati |
Sahasra-[A]avartanaad-Yam Yam Kaamam-Adhiite Tam Tam-Anena Saadhayet ||14||
Anena Gannapatim-Abhissin.cati Sa Vaagmii Bhavati |
Caturthyaam-Anashnan Japati Sa Vidyaavaan Bhavati |
Itya[i-A]tharvanna-Vaakyam |
Brahma-Adya-[A]avarannam Vidyaan-Na Bibheti Kadaacane[a-I]ti ||15||
Yo Duurvaa-[A]ngkurair-Yajati Sa Vaishravanno[a-U]pamo Bhavati |
Yo Laajair-Yajati Sa Yashovaan Bhavati |
Sa Medhaavaan Bhavati |
Yo Modaka-Sahasrenna Yajati Sa Vaan.chita-Phalam-Avaapnoti |
Yas-Saajya-Samidbhir-Yajati Sa Sarvam Labhate Sa Sarvam Labhate ||16||
Assttau Braahmannaan Samyag Graahayitvaa Suurya-Varcasvii Bhavati |
Suuryagrahe-Mahaa-Nadyaam Pratimaa-Sannidhau Vaa Japtvaa Siddha-Mantro Bhavati
Mahaa-Vighnaat Pramucyate |
Mahaa-Dossaat Pramucyate |
Mahaa-Pratyavaayaat Pramucyate |
Sa Sarvavid Bhavati Sa Sarva-Vid Bhavati |
Ya Evam Veda |
Ity[i]-Upanissat ||17||
     Om Shaantish-Shaantish-Shaantih ||     (Jydeep M Tahashildar)